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Fathers, killers, God, and ‘Maus’

first_imgFor many, the cartoonist Art Spiegelman’s “Maus: A Survivor’s Tale” is not just an unshakable Holocaust narrative, but a classic engagement, and struggle, with Jewish identity.Today, more than 30 years after the Pulitzer Prize-winning graphic novel appeared, Spiegelman still has trouble making sense of his religion and culture. “The relationship is fraught,” said the 69-year-old during an early-semester visit to Harvard. “I don’t know how to take solace in religion.”Speaking candidly to a class of comparative literature students, Spiegelman was animated on topics ranging from his sense of responsibility to future generations to post-Charlie Hebdo life as an artist. Wearing his signature vest but not his signature fedora, his responses blended the humorous and the heavy.Spiegelman described Vladek, the father protagonist in “Maus,” as “the Larry David of Auschwitz.” Of his own Jewish identity crisis, he acknowledged “a tribal connection” and called himself a “spokesperson of Jewishness,” but emotional conflict followed, especially when the conversation turned to life and death.Recalling surgery for a brain cyst a few years ago, he confided: “I thought that was that.”“Do I find religion like you’re supposed to at the end of your life?” he wondered at the time. “About the only thing I could find to take solace in was the church of the absurd, the existential. … I can’t find it in Jewishness.”“Maus,” set in New York in the late 1970s with flashback panels to World War II, crosses genres from biography and memoir to historical fiction, with animated mice, cats, and pigs telling the story of Spiegelman and his father, a Holocaust survivor. Theirs is a relationship shadowed by the pain of the past.Allie Freiwald ’18, who is writing her thesis on representations of the Holocaust in art and culture, was amused that Spiegelman was “more comfortable identifying as a Cartoonist-American,” but said later that she was “somewhat troubled” that he questioned his Jewishness.“I understand, albeit through my vastly different frame of reference and set of life experiences, what it is to doubt religion, and Judaism in particular, in our secularized diaspora,” Freiwald said. “There is ‘Holokitsch,’ as he calls it, and, in my opinion, plenty of other Jewish kitsches. And there is a weird mixture of pride and revulsion upon reflecting that someone or something becomes more attractive by virtue of its inclusion in the ‘tribe’ — how did we inherit that?”Such is the struggle of the mind behind “Maus.” Inside Spiegelman is both a legendary cartoonist and a boy haunted by his family’s Holocaust story.“When I was growing up, it’s not such a good idea to be a Jew. They killed you,” he said.Admitting that he still has “trouble drawing in ways that don’t make sense for someone who has been doing this their whole life,” Spiegelman also noted that “Maus” was not intended “to make the world a better place.”“It’s a cartoonist’s job to tell stories. I wanted to find a story worth telling,” he said, adding that parent-child relations were also in play. “I wanted to be in touch with my father. I didn’t want to be in touch with my father.”The night before his meeting with students, Spiegelman engaged with an equally captivated audience at Sanders Theatre in a Center for Jewish Studies-sponsored talk titled “Comix, Jews ’n Art? Dun’t Esk!!”Hillary Chute, a former visiting professor and junior fellow at Harvard and now an English professor at Northeastern University, introduced him as “brilliant and brilliantly uncompromising.”“Spiegelman has always been reluctant to identify with … any group besides cartoonists,” she said, recalling that there were many times while they were collaborating on the “Maus” companion “MetaMaus” (2012) when he told her he could not continue. “He said to me in exasperation, ‘Anything about Jews, guilt, or war? I don’t want to talk about it.’”Spiegelman took the audience on a historical tour of comics, folding stories about favorite artists into personal anecdotes. As a kid, he perused Harvey Kurtzman’s Mad magazine “the way some kids studied Talmud.”In the classroom, Isaiah Michalski ’21, who is from Germany, asked Spiegelman if there was anything he wouldn’t draw. The artist mentioned ways he has spoken out in both comic form and at protests against the police killings of Amadou Diallo and Eric Garner, and the Charlie Hebdo massacre.“Artists should draw anything they want to draw and be more sensitive,” he said. “I think it’s important to find that balance between anger and empathy.”last_img read more

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The following year, 30.000 work permits were issued to foreigners in tourism

first_imgThis will certainly unfortunately trigger a new wave of domestic labor to re-launch their lives and seek professional happiness across the border. Thus, tourism and catering can count on 18.370 work permits for foreigners in tourism for new employment, as well as 12.000 permits for seasonal work or a total of over 30.000 work permits for foreigners in tourism. Also, from next year, Crokartice will be introduced, which will additionally enable companies to pay the earmarked HRK 2.500 tax-free. The long-announced project of the Centers for Competences is also being launched, but unfortunately these are all too small and too late moves. It was necessary to react much earlier, because the fire is extinguished when the smoke starts, and not after the whole building burns down, so the damage is being repaired. As one of the most important innovations in relation to the current Law on Foreigners, is prescribing a new model of regulating the employment of foreigners, which abolishes the existing quotas for employment of foreigners and simplifies their employment to meet the needs of employers, as the whole process has been slow and complicated. and a lot of administration. However, until the new Law on Foreigners enters into force, it is expected around the first half of 2020, the Decision on determining the annual quota of permits for employment of foreigners for the calendar year 2020 is valid.      The future is not built on the import of labor, and without domestic labor there is no sustainable development UNDER-SALARY WAYS, POOR WORKING CONDITIONS AND IMPOSSIBILITY TO PROGRESS ARE THE MOST COMMON REASONS FOR DISMISSAL Photo: Pixabay.com Since the annual quota of permits for the employment of foreigners will no longer be determined, employers will be able to contact the Croatian Employment Service, which will issue an opinion for the employment of foreigners through the Market Test. Digital transformation RELATED NEWS: At the 191st session of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, on Friday, November 22, 2019, a decision was made to determine the annual quota of permits for the employment of foreigners for the calendar year 2020.                 However, the Government of the Republic of Croatia passed non-taxable benefits such as Christmas bonuses, holiday pay, thirteenth salary, hot meal, the possibility of paying accommodation for a worker… so the state allowed companies to reward each employee with HRK 5000 non-tax bonus, with HRK 2500 as much as they could. pay for Christmas or recourse. As of this year, a hot meal has returned, which can be HRK 5000 per employee or HRK 12.000 with the presentation of costs, and companies can also pay the cost of kindergarten for children or the cost of accommodation to their employees. By the way, this year about 21.000 permits were used for the import of foreign labor in tourism. At the end of the year, quotas on labor imports will be abolished The annual quota of permits for 2020 for new employment of foreigners, seasonal work, relocation of persons within the company and the implementation of strategic investment projects is 78.470 permits, including 64.604 permits for new employment, 12.770 permits for seasonal work in tourism and catering and agriculture and forestry, 96 licenses within intra-company relocations and 1.000 licenses for the implementation of strategic investment projects. Namely, on the first day of 2020, Austria will open work on which permits for foreigners will no longer be required. By the way, according to the analysis of HUT, salaries for chefs, waiters and other tourist staff are 30% lower in Slovenia than in Slovenia, and even practically 100% lower than in Austria. As announced, quotas for labor imports have been increased, and next year, 30.000 work permits for foreigners are available in tourism. A picture speaks a thousand words…. The future and sustainability are not built on labor imports, but we are to blame for this situation and it was only a matter of time before the “bubble” bursts. For years, the problem of low wages in tourism has been warned, as well as very poor working conditions. But the mantra reigned – if you don’t want to, there are those who want to be on the stock market. Now it came back like a boomerang. QUOTAS FOR EMPLOYMENT OF FOREIGNERS ARE REMOVED AND THEIR EMPLOYMENT IS SIMPLIFIED Admittedly there is, but not good for our Beautiful. But the borders opened and the bubble burst, interestingly, to the amazement of our tourism sector. Even today, some are not aware that the only solution to retain a domestic and quality workforce is to offer better wages and working conditions – there is no alternative. last_img read more

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El Gobernador Wolf toma medidas para abordar la reforma de las fuerzas del orden público y la rendición de cuentas

first_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitter El Gobernador Wolf toma medidas para abordar la reforma de las fuerzas del orden público y la rendición de cuentas Español,  Press Release,  Public Safety Luego de reunirse con líderes en Philadelphia y Harrisburg, el Gobernador Tom Wolf anunció varias medidas para mejorar las relaciones de las fuerzas del orden público con la comunidad y fortalecer la capacitación y la rendición de cuentas.“Hoy estoy tomando medidas para abordar las inquietudes sobre las relaciones de la comunidad con las fuerzas del orden público al igual que para fortalecer la rendición de cuentas de nuestros organismos”, dijo el Gobernador Wolf. “Este esfuerzo comenzará de inmediato”.El Gobernador Wolf describió múltiples medidas dirigidas a realizar reformas significativas, muchas de ellas basadas en el Grupo de trabajo sobre Vigilancia del siglo XXI, creado en 2015 durante el gobierno del Presidente Obama en respuesta a la muerte en Ferguson, Missouri, del adolescente negro Michael Brown que desencadenó semanas de protestas.Los puntos destacados de las recomendaciones incluyen:La creación de un Inspector General Adjunto dentro de la Oficina del Inspector General del Estado de Pennsylvania (OSIG, por sus siglas en inglés) se centró en disuadir, detectar, prevenir y erradicar el fraude, el despilfarro, la mala conducta y el abuso entre los organismos de las fuerzas del orden público bajo la jurisdicción del Gobernador.La creación de una Comisión Asesora sobre las fuerzas del orden público del Estado de Pennsylvania que revisa las acusaciones de mala conducta del personal de las fuerzas del orden público en la jurisdicción del Gobernador.Brindar asistencia técnica a los municipios por parte de la Comisión de Pennsylvania contra el Crimen y la Delincuencia (PCCD, por sus siglas en inglés) para alentar la creación de comités asesores integrados por ciudadanos locales.La creación de un Subcomité sobre disparidades raciales y étnicas bajo el Comité Asesor de Justicia Criminal (CJAC) en la PCCD.Revisión de la capacitación y la educación de los oficiales. Todas las academias de entrenamiento de las fuerzas del orden público deben revisar las normas actuales de entrenamiento respecto del uso de la fuerza para el orden público y formar un grupo de trabajo para desarrollar normas de entrenamiento modelo con el fin de garantizar que todos los oficiales reciban la mejor instrucción sobre sus interacciones con el público. Los departamentos deben esforzarse por obtener una acreditación estatal y/o nacional. La acreditación es un componente clave para ayudar a los departamentos a evaluar y mejorar sus normas y prácticas.Mejorar la seguridad y el bienestar de los oficiales. Mejorar las iniciativas actuales en materia de salud mental y ofrecer a los oficiales apoyos específicos para la salud mental para que puedan lidiar con el trauma y reducir el estigma que implica recibir ayuda.Apoyo de las reformas legislativas. El gobernador trabajará con la legislatura sobre las reformas, incluida la legislación propuesta que ofrece un mejor acceso a los videos policiales, una junta de supervisión para la capacitación y la educación continua de los oficiales, un fiscal especial para casos de fuerza mortal, la reforma de contratación de las fuerzas del orden público interdepartamentales y la evaluación del PTSD (trastorno de estrés postraumático) para los oficiales de policía.A principios de esta semana, los miembros del Grupo de Trabajo de Reforma Policial, que incluye a funcionarios electos estatales y locales, el defensor principal de la Asociación de Defensores de Philadelphia, así como varios abogados, presentaron propuestas para abordar la creciente frustración respecto del racismo, la opresión y la erradicación de la mala conducta de las fuerzas del orden público.“Hemos abordado la reforma de la justicia penal sobre una base bipartita, y eso es lo que necesitaremos para solucionar estas desigualdades de larga data”, dijo el Gobernador Wolf. “Y a medida que avanzamos, necesitamos abordar las inminentes fallas sistémicas que han creado esta situación”.El Gobernador también se comprometió a abordar las desigualdades de larga data contra las personas de color.“Voy a continuar luchando por más fondos para la educación y para brindar ayuda a las empresas de propiedad de minorías. Estas peleas no tienen un punto final, y no sabremos cuándo hemos ganado, pero tenemos que continuar para que nuestra comunidad sea más justa y equitativa para todos”.center_img June 04, 2020last_img read more

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